Sorya Silva2 Summary: The mercantilista economic doctrine foiadotada by the majority of the European monarchies in order to stimulate odesenvolvimento of the economy and the kingdoms. The distribution of the comrcioInternacional one was made for merchants was carried through d forms unilateral eagressiva. It is object of study of this article to make a comparison between ocomrcio and the excessively practical mercantilistas with the theory of the ComrcioInternacional. For this the article was divided of the following form: 1.Introduo, 2. Mercantilistas ideas, 3. Theory of the International trade and 4.Concluso. Word-key: Mercantilism, Theory of the ComrcioInternacional and Interveno of the State. 1.INTRODUO: The form of mercantilista thought invigorated in perodode1450 the 1750 in such a way sendofruto of some transformations in the intellectual, religious scope, politician, geographic and economic.

In Spain and Portugal, it observed-sea prohibition of exit of precious metals and the entrance of mercadoriasestrangeiras. In France, the Colbertismo searched interventionism in the industry eo customs protectionism, to develop internal industrialization, to export more and to reduce the importations to the possible minimum. In England, ocomrcio and the navigation had appeared with the main sources of national wealth. The conception metalist characterized the mercantilism in suasvrias forms bulionista, industrialist, commercialists, ecolonial trustee. The bulionismo corresponds to the initial phase of the mercantilism, where Europa possua money enough not to take care of the docomrcio increasing volume.

After the bullionista time, to the will of the mercantilistas to demaximizar the gold ea silver inside of a country assumed the form of dosgovernos attempts to obtain a favorable balance in the trade balance, wants to say thermal money entering in the country of what of it leaving. (Hunt, 1981) a special protection of the main indstriasexportadoras of England against the foreign competitors was given who to tentassementrar in the domestic markets of the exporting industries. Added to restriesdo foreign commerce, also had restrictions of the internal production.