art is, so to speak, the transfigurao of the Real in one another object for the work of reflection of the artist. PCRM is likely to agree. Wolfgang Iser, also, shares of such thought in regards to the experience of the author and the reader at the production moment. The first one in the construction of the text and, as in the construction of the meaning in the act of the reading. The literary text if originates from the reaction of an author to the world and gains character of event to the measure that brings a perspective for the present world that is not in contained it. Exactly when a literary text does not make seno to copy the present world, its repetition in the text modifies already it, therefore to repeat the reality from a point of view already is to exceed it (ISER, 1996, p.11). For the Russian Formalists, literature was definable for using peculiar language making use of a sort that calls the attention on same itself and shows its material existence. The formalists used the application of the linguistics to the study of the literary text and if they worried in analyzing the form, structures of language and not it semantics of the text.
The literary composition was seen as a meeting of formal elements: rhythm, sound, syntax, metric, etc. Opposing itself it such thought, Eagleton (1997, p.6), defends that the literary language uses of artifices to keep the intent reader sequence suspense, in addition narrative – and, that the Russian Formalists, when affirming that ' ' the literary character ' literrio' it happened of the distinguishing relations between a speech and outro' ' they would be searching to define ' ' literaturidade' ' not ' ' literatura' '. It believes that it is the context that he shows if the text is or not literary and not it language, a time that the use of special language, also, if makes gift in the daily speech.