The studies also make the relation of the appearance of the UP and the intensity of the exerted pressure, the duration of the pressure and the tolerance to tissular; interference of the process of cicatrizao of the aged one, evidencing a retardation in the cicatrizao; presence of chronic illnesses; nutricional deficiency; circulatrias alterations and other chronic factors; nutricional deficiency; circulatrias alterations and other factors that premake use the occurrence of the UPs in the aged one. In the general context, the nursing makes use of directed cares of nursing for the maintenance of the integrity of the skin, which are described in effective literature; what, many times, will have to depend is of the knowledge theoretician-practical of the nursing to readily identify the predisponent factors for UP, of the aged one attended in order to apply the necessary and adequate actions during its assistance of nursing. Word-Key: Man. Injury. Aged. Factors of Risk. Assistance of Nursing.
ABSTRACT pressure to ulcer can be defined a localized lesion of the skin, caused by interruption of blood supply you the area caused by various factors such pressure, to shear and friction, or combination of three factors, and also frequent factors in the elderly especially when they remain hospitalized will be long periods. The aim of this study was you evaluate the incidence and risk factors of pressure ulcers in the elderly by the relationship between the physiology of skin and pressure ulcers, the identification of predisposing conditions well risk factors in the intrinsic and extrinsic occurrence of ulcers and verification of the association between these conditions and predisposing risk factors in the elderly well nursing care. This is study of literature review, held in electronic database (Google and LILACS), uses of books taken from the library of the School Natalense Development of Rio Grande of Norte (FARN), field research (Dr Hospital. John Axe) and to other sources, with the inclusion would criteria material published between 1998 and July 2009, journals and textbooks nationals.