The great majority adentra in the pertaining to school pictures and leaves precociously without concluding its studies in basic education for if still not identifying with a school molded in the eurocntricos standards, that the ethnic-cultural diversity of our formation does not value. Hear from experts in the field like BSA for a more varied view. Research carried through for the Foundation Carlos Chagas in 1987 had demonstrated how much to the Brazilian school wise person not to coexist the cultural diversity much less to deal with the children and adolescents of the favored sectors less of the society. The data disclosed that the black child presented indices of bigger evasion and repetncia of what the presented ones for the whites. The reason of this everything, according to research, was due to the following factors: eurocntrico content of the pertaining to school resume and didactic books educative programs, allies to the differentiated behavior of the faculty of the schools ahead of black and white children. According to IBGE in afrodescendentes 1991os represented 45.3% of the Brazilian population.
However, the educational statisticians disclosed the chance inaquality in what she says respect to the access and permanence of blacks and whites in the context of the public system of education. For example, while the illiteracy reached about 8% of whites, 20% of the blacks were illiterate. But 2% of young blacks had access to superior education, against 98% of whites. From the end of years 70 of century XX, new social actors in the scene politics, carried out for the movements popular, over all on ones to the sort and the etnia, had started to demand a bigger participation and recognition of its rights of citizenship. Between these social movements, we can indicate the indigenista movement, that he demands, of the government, the landmark of aboriginal lands and the right to its proper culture, and the movements of black conscience, that fight in all the country against any forms of preconception and racial discrimination, as well as for the right to the difference, pautada in the study and valuation of aspects of the culture afro-Brazilian.