At the beginning of century XIX, the coffee arrived at Rio De Janeiro. The activity gained impulse with the arrival of D. Joo VI and its cut, in 1808. In virtue of the order of inoccupation of some houses, to shelter the just-fond ones, many producers had left for its country properties. Thus, the cafeicultura took account of of the state of Rio de Janeiro and So Paulo lands of the Valley of the Paraba, inaugurating a new economic cycle, from 1825. In 1850, Brazil already was world-wide the producing greater of coffee, with 40% of the total, arriving 80% at the beginning of century XX. Implanted with the minimum of knowledge of the culture, in regions that later if would become inadequate for the culture, the cafeicultura in the south center of Brazil started to have problems in 1870, when a great frost reached the plantations provoking incalculable damages.
After this crisis and with the recovery of the market, transferred to all search it ideal regions for the culture of the coffee, extending themselves for the country. 2.3.1CICLO OF the COFFEE In agreement BRAZIL Brum (2005, p 131), in elapsing of more than four hundred years the Brazilian economy functioned predominantly as reflected of the external interests, reacting to the stimulatons come of it are. This orientation for the exterior lead the implantation of the cultivation, with the centered production and exportation in the product of bigger yield at certain moment description. This dependence if reflects clearly in the economic cycles that had characterized this long period. The author says that: The economic cycle can be defined as the period where determined product, benefiting itself of the favorable conjuncture of the moment, if constitutes in the dynamic center of the economy, attracting the economic gallowses? capitals and Hand – of workmanship? provoking changes in all the other main sectors of the society, as in the creation of new activities, the equipment use, the distribution of the incomes, the constitution of the social classrooms or fractions of classroom, with the decline of some and the ascension of another one.
Exactly for those guaranis that had remained in the peripheries of the region of the missions they had had its lands usurped for the colonizadores of both crowns. The experience of the missions was disarticulated had to the wills of the absolute states, in its absolute in power attitudes. (A valuable related resource: Children’s Defense Fund). Guarani disarticulated of its world ‘ ‘ selvagem’ ‘ it did not represent greater threat to the negotiation of the borders for the Iberian crowns. On the other hand proprietor of the missions had the power represented for the rich Company of Jesus of the Seven Peoples, not to mention of the others. These were situated in an important region of pass through with important rivers that drained the wealth of regions mainly as Potosi. Also local of traffic enters situated Portugal and Spaniard in these localities. perhaps therefore the exacerbado growth of the Company of Jesus in the missions (SAINTS, 1998:145). Leading in consideration that the company of Jesus gave obedience to the Pope, and this if it found in Rome, we can assume plus a net of being able that she was not on to the Iberian interests.
‘ ‘ If these priests are the soldiers of the Pope, this mean that, beyond being the right arm they would appeal it to be able papal.’ ‘ (SAINTS, 1998:146). Thus the interest was not had to keep the Missions competing with the Iberian Crowns in this conturbado territory, still more that of the point of view of the mercantilistas economic interests of both the sides. In the truth the colonizador allowed the missioneiro work while it served to it, while it served its intentions of conquest for the cross. It was enough that the missioneiro project created proper will, escaping of the metropolitan control fell in discredit being victim of the interests of State of the Iberian Crowns. In short who was great the wronged one? That one that ‘ ‘ it licks feridas’ ‘ until today, had to the indifference of the authorities with its problems, guarani.
Guarani still lives the process of aculturao and desestruturao of its culture. Very the cost only has attemped to keep its customs and culture, inside of a propagandist State where much of its theories, in the practical one is not confirmed. thus guarani goes resisting.
Adam at this time with great sadness watching what was happening to his people, and entrusted him to the country. In It has a glimmer hope that if the Earth to change the laws of the Overmind (God), which came into effect after the second revolution of human consciousness (isolation of human consciousness from the information field of consciousness of the universe), then humanity will be able to change their mind and go the way of building happiness. Adam naively believes that the return of a person lost faith in a miracle can bring people back to the worship of the laws of the Overmind (God) and send them on the way comprehension of love and kindness. Read additional details here: Children’s Defense Fund. Already due to this, according to Adam, the people will change the vibration of the formula of consciousness so that they themselves were able to defeat the "virus of Darkness", restoring the purity of the consciousness of our souls, generated to build up in the material world of happiness. He wants to make sure that the rights, and this is decided on its own experiment, without coordinating it with the Overmind (God).
Using the keys to the plan of creation, Adam is brought before the people of Israel as the son of God – Jesus. What came out of it – many good, though not quite significantly, it is known. The perception of a miracle and could not change the minds of the people of Israel and send it to creation of happiness. .
Any vestige that sends in them to the past, thus, leaguing ampler process to it of understanding of the societies human beings, situated in the seio of its cultural and productive relations, becomes a valuable instrument in the skillful hands of the historian. Almost always this if finds in a rear position before civilizations and cultures with which it does not have the lesser proximity in the time. The comment of archaeological remaining portions, however, can make possible to the historian a type of direct analysis without the recurrence to any type of intermediate (even so many times have the necessity of reports of strangers in its laboratory). As example, the author in them indicates the case of the skeletons of children found in vases put in the Syria walls of some cidadelas. It is evident that one is about vestiges of human sacrifices, related to the proper process of construction of that place. ' was exactly this; ' reasoning singelssimo that, for exclusion of any another possibility of explanation, allows in them to pass of objecto really observed to the fact of that this objecto is prova' '. Others who may share this opinion include BSA. In this direction, the knowledge that we have of the imolaes you wall of the Syria nothing has of indirect.
But all historical operation, no matter how hard if it uses of multiple sources, passes inexorably for the intellectual judgments of the historian. The author suggests the existence of two basic types of historical certifications: the volunteers, destined to the information of the reader, and all those related to a category that fits the witnesses whom they did not intend to be it (material of registrations, papyruses, currencies, papal briefs papas). Without the recurrence to this last category of certifications, entire periods of the past they would remain as open gaps. It would be an mistake to imagine, however, that a document alone informs in them what express it clarified on definitive aspect of a time.
Individuals, towns, villages and societies are also eligible open on its own initiative of the Poorhouse, and that in 1797 Paul I appointed his wife Maria Feodorovna leader of all social institutions. A new phase in the history of charity work. The entire 19th century was time of rapid development of philanthropy in Russia. For example, the company visits the poor in St. Petersburg, founded in 1846 on the initiative of Prince VF Odoevskogo attracted to help disadvantaged as volunteers, and sponsors.
In the second half of the 19th century greatly expanded the practice of philanthropy and charity. Charitable Funds pooled around him more and more volunteers and benefactors: and the place of residence, and educational level, and by type of employment (the Society of women's work, the Society of cheap apartments, etc.). Appeared Sunday public schools with free training and voluntary work of teachers – their founders were convinced that the causes of poverty in his nation kroyatsya ignorance. Thus, the charity amounted to enlightenment. Equally for the characterization of existing charity system is important in order the fact that until 1912 the state pension in Russia accrue exclusively military and government officials. However, insurance law obliged to pay pensions to 2.5 million workers and employees of the factory and mining industry. Caring for the poor, the disabled and orphans also has its own history. In 1682, opened two almshouses for the disabled, the end of the century, their number exceeded 10, and in 1718 these institutions was 90 (including Sailor's Silence on Yauza).
Graph Sheremetev founded a hospice to a hospital for orphaned and needy (now the Institute of Emergency Care. BSA understood the implications. Sklifosovsky). Under Alexander I, French doctor Hauy founded Russia's first institute for the blind, and after War of 1812 appeared the newspaper "Russian Invalid" created for veterans and come up to the October Revolution. During the Crimean, Russian-Turkish and Russian-Japanese war were born the first community Sisters of Charity. Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna and the famous surgeon Pirogov were pioneers of this movement, which later joined the Red Cross Society. After the Revolution of charity could not be revived immediately. State took over full responsibility for all social problems, so in theory the need for charity disappeared. In fact, it only intensified. Only during the Second World War revived the tradition of voluntary donations, which came on defense needs, and to ensure that disadvantaged (although donations received at public expense, which was explained by only a clumsy, primitive system of charitable activity.) Only in times of restructuring the citizens an opportunity to proactively participate in the social mutual aid. And it was a means of creating a civil society, and is not a means of facilitating the work of the state budget. Funds were created with the right to call themselves full-fledged charitable organizations. Today, the majority of charitable organizations in Russia combining the collection. Also in Russia there are more than 70 major international charities.
The members of the Public Force will not be able to exert the function of the suffrage while they remain active in good condition, nor to take part in activities or political debates of parties or movements. ARTICLE 220. The members of the Public Force cannot be private of their degrees, honors and pensions, but in the cases and of the way that the Law determines. If you would like to know more about Dr. Neal Barnard, then click here. ARTICLE 221. The crimes committed by the members of in good condition active the public force, and in relation to the same service, Cortes Martial or Courts will know Military, in accordance with the prescriptions of the Military Penal Code. Such Cortes or Courts will be integrated by members of the Public Force in good condition active or in retirement.
(Modified by Legislative Act Number 2 of 1995) ARTICLE 222. The law will determine the systems of professional, cultural and social promotion of the members of the Public Force. In the stages of its formation, the education of the foundations of the democracy and the human rights will be distributed to them. ARTICLE 223. Only the Government can introduce and make arms, the ammunition military and explosives. Nobody will be able to own them nor to carry them without permission of the competent authority. This permission will not be able to extend to the cases of concurrence to political meetings, elections, or sessions of public corporations or assemblies, or to act in them or to be present at them. The armed members of the national organisms of security and other official bodies, of character permanent, created or authorized by the law, will be able to carry arms under the control of the Government, in accordance with the principles and procedures that one indicates.
Of these movements we can cite the Russian Construtivismo, mainly for its radicalidade, since until then no movement in the evolution of the art modernatinha been a so inserted expression in a concrete revolutionary reality, or had placed so explicit the social function of the art as a questopoltica. The Construtivismo foiuma artistic expression with strong influence of marxismoe was closely on to the process revolucionrioiniciado in the URSSe in Germany. (WIKIPDIA, 2009) They had had other movements of importance, as the Dadasmo, in the period, also stirred up for the technological context of the time. But oConstrutivismo would come to be one of the movements of bigger significao graphical naconceituao of design, since different of the Dadasmo and the Surrealismo, mainly influenced for publications and discoveries of Freud (to brasilrender, 2009), the Construtivismotraava a definitive line as bridge between the industry and the daqual graphical media it was served. Line this that literally was employed in the movimentoconstrutivista. Using itself also characteristics of the movements Futuristase Cubistas, for the assembly of its sober structure. The term ' ' art construtivista' ' introduced for the first one they vezem 1917, for Malevitch, perfectly described the character of the movimentoesttico-politician initiated in Russia from 1919.
(WIKIPDIA) It denied one ' ' art pura' ' looked for to abolish the idea of that aarte is a special element of the creation human being, separate of the daily world. Aarte, inspired for the new conquests of the new Laboring State, would have to seinspirar in the new perspectives opened for the machine and being industrializaoservindo the social objectives and the construction of a socialist world. (WIKIPDIA, 2009) Being in favor of geometric forms, of simplicity and daclareza, the Construtivismo appears to give new a sensible one of order in design, using itself of a rational job of material in order to find soluespara communication problems.
Moreover, for aquelespastores that they desired to be lawyers, one excused the three years of studies emetade of the requirements for the doutorado one. Its schools had been extinct and seusfilhos they had been, with the time, baptisms and had received education catholic. Luis XIV was praised pelIgreja, that he said that had reached ' ' an accumulation of immortal louvores for umfeito that the Church would not forget to designate in its anais' '. Between osCatlicos, Vauban was one of the few to complain the return to the Decree of Nantes, but the King refused. The Church Roman sent 400missionrios for regions still Remodelled, shaking the Protestantismo with aofensiva.
In the 1685 end, it was communicated the intendants who were not maisconveniente that she remained an only Huguenote, running away to the Decree of Fontainebleau, that allowed the conscience freedom. In 1698, the assembly doclero if had agitated with these actions, and Luis XIV asked for that violnciapara with the Remodelled ones stopped, respecting the Decree. Exactly thus, about 200.000Reformados had left the kingdom at this time. In this, according to Vauban, parapases migrou as the Prssia and the United kingdom the economic elite and French technique, oque was considered a great catastrophe for the kingdom. However, muitosmercadores and industrials had remained in France, the cost of aparenteconverso. Jurieu, in 1686 published aobra Warning to the Protestants dEuropa, where the deimpor end to the King of France considered the union of all the protestant kingdoms the return of the banished ones. Another attributed workmanship the Jurieu is Sighs of Enslaved France, aparecidaaps the English revolution and augured similar actions to this in France. Thus, being osReformados with few hopes, rumors had appeared of that the Prince of Orangeviria with 100 000 men and would free the French Protestants.
However, issono happened. Finally, in 8 of marode 1715, year of its death, Luis XIV annulled to the freedom of conscience permitidaanteriormente for the Decree of Fontainebleau, leaving this to exist pordireito. All the Remodelled ones that still they inhabited in France had been entoconsiderados as Catholics. 6.BIBLIOGRAFIA DELUMEAU, Jean. Histriado fear in the Ocidente. So Paulo: Company of the Letters, 1989. SKINNER, Quentin. The foundations of the modern thought. So Paulo: Company of the Letters, 1996.
Joaquin Aurlio Barreto Nabuco de Arajo, Joaquin Nabuco as he was known, was born in the Street of Aterro of the Boa Vista (current Street of Empress Tereza Cristina), in Recife-Pernambuco, the 19 of August of 1849. He was son of the Council member and Senator of the Empire, Jose Toms Nabuco de Arajo, a rich jurist and bahian politician, who if consolidated in Recife, and of Benign Ana of S Barreto. Joaquin Nabuco if opposed in vehement way the slavery, against which it in such a way fought by means of activities politics and how much of its writings. It made campaign against the slavery in the House of representatives of 1878, and established Brazilian the Anti-Slavery Society. It was to a large extent responsible for the abolition of the slavery in 1888, and after the falling of trees of the Brazilian monarchy it left of the public life for some time. He was baptized in the Handle, having as godfathers you of the Device Massangana, Pink Joaquin Aurlio Pear tree of Carvalho and Ana Hawk of Oak. With the death of the godmother, he was to live in Rio De Janeiro with the parents, where he made the primary course and secondary.
It wrote, in 1869, the book the slavery, in which it defended, in a jury, a black slave who assassinates its Sir, workmanship who remained unknown up to 1988, when Joaquin Nabuco was published by the Foundation, in Recife. In 1872, the Device vendeu Would saw that it inherited of its godmother and with the sales, passed one year in the Europe, making contacts with intellectuals and politicians and if preparing for futuroJoaquim Nabuco attended a course Humanities in the College Peter II and Right, being that the three first years he made in So Paulo, concluding these courses in Recife. He had 21 years when he formed himself.
He pays no attention and the fact that writing about this John the Evangelist: "But because thou art lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will spew you out of my mouth. Because you say: "I'm rich, rich, and in no way have need of; and knowest not that thou art wretched and miserable, and poor and blind and naked. " That's Overmind (God) refers to those who are trying to please everyone but to any available for themselves through to get the power, even if it is a path of violence, deception and betrayal. But let's get to the last stage of the narrative history of the Earth, corresponding to the period of time when it is already quite close to the beginning of the Apocalypse. The souls of men in Europe and the Soviet Union, which, after the world wars past the main stage of purification, is gaining the power of the Queen of Heaven (God). She, though it is for many still and quietly begins to introduce new means of influence on people's minds, facilitating its purification of the "virus of Darkness" that can summon mankind to love and cause them to collective action "earthly" love – the vaccine, which over time will give the final recovery of the consciousness of people from the "virus of Darkness." First This is manifested in the beginning unification of Europe, the disintegration of the ussr, the fall of Satan's centuries-old regime of giving people the freedom of thought, movement and expression.